Sunday, June 28, 2020

Essay on “Reorganization of team structure in Cutting edge LTD”

Essay on â€Å"Reorganization of team structure in Cutting edge LTD† Perhaps, Cutting edge limited is a UK based company, which started three years ago, the company deals with manufacturing and distributing tennis racquets. It has rapidly expanded rendering the management of its operations a challenge. In order to improve the company’s profitability and efficiency, the reorganization of its team structure is deemed necessary owing its rapid growth. Re-organization of team structure revolves around arranging of the workforce and their various jobs in line the company’s goals and objectives. Initially, when Cutting edge limited was small, communicating face-to-face was easier and formal team structure. However, in its present large size, plans have to be made about allocation of different tasks in order to improve the company’s efficiency and profitability (Dent Galloway, 1999). In most cases, reorganization of team structure causes layoff in an organization. One of the objectives of reorganization is reducing payroll overheads. Others involve outsourcing, absorbing acquired or merged entities, increasing efficiency, and management’s wish for change. In a reorganization, not just jobs change, be outsourced, outplaced, but jockeying for position transpires; new associations are required, and the mental challenge of the revolution itself sluggishness almost everybody in the company. During the initial stages of Cutting edge limited, there are set of standards were made in line with the commitment towards total quality service. Values were set from the beginning, and now with the company’s big size, the increasing competitive and turbulent business environment Cutting edge limited has to re-organize its team structures in order to improve its efficiency and its operations and consequently increases its profitability (Brews Tucci 2004). The main issue now with Cutting edge limited relates to the growth of the business: owing the business size it happens to be much more complicated to coordinate the operations, to meet customer’s expectations, to uphold efficiency and to manage employees. The management should find out a resolution to address all problems associated to the present size of the company. The source of those problems was business growth so the way out is to reorganize the team structure of Cutting edge limited into various Strategic Business Units. Dividing the business into various business units will make easier to manage the efficiency of all the business units. Not just that but the various units will be more flexible and thus let them improve the response of the expectations of the customer. In addition, this reorganization will enhance the management of the workers (Dent Galloway, 1999). The management of Cutting edge limited should not end here after reorganizing the team structure of the company activity into various business units. But should go further and transform on how workers are delegating tasks inside those various business units. As an alternative of arranging structure in a hierarchical manner, the management should opt to put into operation a team approach to achieve the objective of the company. By doing this the management will be transferring the leadership responsibilities from the managers to the workers enabling them to have sound decision making power which will lead to an increased workforce responsibility and accountability. These transformations will motivate the workers to find out innovative solutions for their tribulations in stead of  waiting the management to chip in for the solutions. Team restructuring enables the workforce to be task oriented and hence all employees will participate in search of various solutions when problems occur. Engaging all members of the team will be more productive other than leaving it to a manager to give solutions. Team restructuring will enable Cutting edge ltd to deliver tennis racquets in time, this will enhance satisfaction of customers. Consequently restructuring will reinforce teamwork among employees by including all members in finding ways of delivering tennis racquets efficiently (Cameron, Kim Quinn 2006). Furthermore, the company has to form groups called â€Å"superteams†. These groups will be self managed and will be under minimal supervision from the management of the company. These groups are to be more inventive and have a quality and speed as compared to the normal teams. Again, such teams will directly be concerned in solving issues arising from the company. This will save a lot of time and expenditure and thus enhance the company’s profitability and efficiency. Summarily, reorganizing the business into various units will promote the quality of services offered by Cutting edge ltd. Moreover, forming the self-managed groups will allow cutting edge ltd improve the quality of its services, profitability and efficiency. This will be realized through utilization of all the employees’ creativity and skills and again by motivating them (Cameron, Kim Quinn 2006). The self-team will be more beneficial as compared to the normal teams in that, their leadership is within. The fact that team members are engaged in making their own decisions, they therefore, have a sense of belonging and possession within their various tasks. They will also feel satisfied for the outcome of their decisions. Although, there are direct impacts on the outcome due to the fact that the decision was as a result of working as a team and so the probability to have sound decisions are high nevertheless an indirect impact will also be realized owing the team members participation in the process of making decisions. For instance when an individual participate in the process of making the decision, it will be more probable to struggle for proper implementation, as opposed to implementing a solution which he/she was never involved in making (Galbraith Jay 2002). In team restructuring, the responsibilities of group members can be interchanged. This will make the business capable of harvesting much more from its workers potential; above all, the workers will be much more encouraged. The change of tasks gives workers a chance to perform new tasks, acquire new skills and hence avoiding boredom. In a restructured team, work effort will be unified as opposed to unstructured team. This unified effort will enhance team results since an individual work effort where an employee focuses on his own task without involving other members will yield lesser outcome. This way, team members will be able to appreciate their achievement and thus feeling motivated. In Cutting edge ltd, the team restructuring will attract a bigger number of workers to participate in quality production and delivering of tennis racquets and hence customer satisfaction (Brews Tucci, 2004). After team restructuring, the management of Cutting edge ltd should create a job-secure environment in order to keep the team members involved and motivated. In fact, the company would have created a conducive environment for work where employees will participate. A right working environment is that which will involve all members hence avoiding failures and mistakes. To support the team restructuring, the company management should reward and recognize those members and teams who excel in their various duties. This award will motivate employees by recognizing them and by promoting competition amongst the teams.  The team restructuring will enable managers be facilitators, this will motivate workers perform their respective duties and participate in the process of solving problems. Managers of Cutting edge ltd should empower employees by letting them make appropriate changes necessary in improving customer satisfaction and productivity of the company (Galbraith Jay, 2002). Team restructuring will also facilitate the aspect of power transfer to team members from the management. This will give room for transfer of responsibilities towards the team, which makes them enjoy the outcome of their decisions. By doing this Cutting edge ltd management will improve the effectiveness of all the team members since teams were liable for the outcome and also the inspiration among workers is improved owing the responsibilities and power transfer. The management will also assist employee’s effectiveness through goal setting procedure. As opposed to unstructured team, the responsibility of  management in team-restructured system is to lay attainable and clear goals always utilizing ideas and input of the members. These ideas and input become more significant after goal setting since the workers are the ones giving the solutions to attain the goal. In addition, cutting edge ltd management should act on the best suggestions from employees. As opposed to the unstr uctured team system where the management both sets the goal and give solution required to attain certain goal. The team restructuring in Cutting edge ltd will allow managers to have a role in facilitating the setting of goals, on the other hand, solution finding is typically a team task. In order to uphold team motivation and effectiveness the manager of the company should give coaching and feedback process to the whole team and not an individual (Birckley Jim, 2003). The role of a manager after team restructuring is more of facilitation than management. The managers have the responsibility to creating the most favorable work conditions so as to have members of the team prepared to take roles to work competently and solving problems on their own. It is important that when implementing team structuring, key people must be involved; this means the executives and other upper-level management whose processes and workers will be influenced by the restructuring. For example, if a new technology is to be introduced in the business, the key people should not be just top management, but lower-level managers who also oversee the workers use of the introduced new technology. A diverse set of key people should be concerned in minimizing the cost of introducing the technology. Developing a plan for successful implementation of team restructuring is vital. The developed plan should assist to describe the responsibilities of the key people concerned where as also laying out short-term as well as long term objectives for the restructuring (Birckley Jim 2003). The management of Cutting edge ltd should uphold the plan for implementing team restructuring; the management should follow up on the plan it lays. This will make the rest of members of the team adapt to the team restructuring. If the management of the company fails to offer the necessary support for the plan to be applicable, it is unlikely to be successful. The management’s communication with workers on what is happening, why the team restructuring are being put in place, and how they will implement is vital. Since team restructuring can cause a lot of fear, better communication can be employed to cool down workers and give confidence to their continual support. In addition to improved communication, the management should consider any communication from the members. They ought to be accessible to act on suggestions or respond to questions that workers may have. Creating chances for member’s feedback like having an open-door management policy or holding meetings may su ccessfully facilitate team restructuring. Team restructuring in Cutting edge ltd may encounter various pitfalls; the management of the company may be attracted by the simplicity and power of the restructuring process, but then the process of putting in place is extremely expensive and time-consuming. The process requires a substantial amount of money and other resources to put in place the team restructuring. Another challenge is the differing perceptions of members of the team: The idea of teamwork differs among cultures, employees from diverse cultures will, in all possibility, portray a team’s membership criteria, objectives and activities in extremely dissimilar terms. This diversity will make it hard to institute the root cause of a problem, which may be within the team members since it’s hard to differentiate between personal and cultural factors. This makes team restructuring and problem solving more cumbersome (Birckley Jim 2003). The reorganization of team structure may faces resistance from some of the employees. The restructuring can cause some employees uncomfortable in executing their duties, their relationships with managers and coworkers and in their areas of expertise. Even when employees are not very contented with the present workplace and consequently welcome the restructuring, they may find the process to be demanding. Helping workers foresee difficulties and notifying workers of how these pitfalls will be dealt with can be a basis of comfort to them. When Cutting edge ltd proposes major team restructuring, those implicated will begin to be anxious on how the process will change their responsibilities and the required skills. The most thriving employees of a company may feel endangered since they are good performers under the old structure of the company. Some regular worker reactions to team restructuring include denial, confusion, anger and loss of identity. Such resistance is not only experience d among workers but also executives and managers may be prone (Birckley Jim. 2003). Team restructuring is personally a taxing issue for everybody affected; nevertheless, it is beneficial to the entire company in the long run. How the management reacts to workers resistance can decide the fate of the business. For instance, a sense of confusion by the employees, which is habitually represented by continuous questioning from employees and/or management — typically implies that not sufficient information, has been offered. This is a chance to convey supplementary information to workers, such as repeating the big picture and the reason the corporation is working so hard to redefine its business culture. This is also an opportunity to give assurances that the administration is going to address their concerns of the employees (Galbraith Jay, 2002). Another common challenge/pitfall facing the restructuring process is denial or doubt that actual reorganization will take place. This reaction takes place sometimes since workers will not want any alteration in their tasks they are used to, and in other times they do not trust the administration is fully dedicated to the idea of restructuring. In any case, the feedback also signifies an opportunity for administration to recognize issues that may perhaps be present transversely in the business and address them. The employees can also bring administration and higher-ups the attention that the actual reorganization of team structures is not consistent with the framework that was put in place. A probably related feedback is anger, sometimes goes together with attempts to sabotage the management efforts to reorganize. Once more, there can be advantages to this kind of behavior. Workers who so obviously make their feelings recognized let managerial leaders in on which hindrances to restruc turing are probable to take place, and administration can then devise methods to address them. It also encourages negotiation with other employees (Brews Tucci, 2004). Another pitfall is the fact that employees who believe themselves experts or specialists in a certain field are frequently asked to begin, for example, operating in a dissimilar functional field or employing different technology), when business make cross-training be among their goals. Again, this intimidates the comfort zone for numerous workers at all levels of the business. Having demonstrated themselves once, they are still ordered to do so repeatedly. In order to relieve these fears, administration needs to persuade employees to take initiative, ask questions, and take risks. Fear of not a succeeding is perhaps one of the strongest grounds for opposing restructuring (Miles, 2003). Companies that anticipate reorganization will be embrace need to analyze failures and risks as tools in which the business can learn and expand. Accordingly, resistance ought to be discouraged, whereas management will feel it is most significant to put in place a positive spin on the whole thing, business management will realize that demonstrating their own concerns on the team restructuring of the company assist other employees to deal with their concern (Galbraith Jay, 2002). It also offers them a chance to instruct others on how to discover best practices in ordinary circumstances, and to let workers know they understand their concerns. Resistance is another challenge of reorganization of team structure; this affects employees and managers equally when the process is put in place. Resistance is a phenomenon, which occurs naturally and can easily be tackled in a constructive approach. In this respect, resistance is an indication of a radical transformation in the reorganization of team structures. Management can be of assistance by foreseeing common reactions and utilizing them to their best benefit. For example, if a member of staff is able to make requested transformation to his performance but not keen to do so, some compromise may be all that is necessary to convince that individual to follow along with the new direction of the business. For those who opt for transformation but lack various basic skills, intended training could be required to suppress the fears of those individuals. Whatever the conflict a company encounters, it is almost an assured part of transformation, which is a continuous in the business setting. Globalization of markets and rapid innovation in technology, a company cannot afford to relax on its success (Miles, 2003). In conclusion, reorganization of team structures in Cutting edge ltd will assist significantly in the effective manufacturing and delivering of tennis racquets. The process will enable the company to manage the challenges and pitfalls associated with its full grown size. Team restructuring will transform the entire operations of UK based Cutting edge ltd hence increasing the profitability, efficiency and

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Was Leonardo Da Vinci a Vegetarian

Increasingly, one sees Leonardo da Vincis name trotted out during vegetarian vs. omnivore debates. Da Vinci has even been claimed by vegans as one of their own. But why? Why do we suppose we know the dietary habits of an inventor and painter  who lived five centuries ago? The Quote Most Often Used Truly man is the king of beasts, for his brutality exceeds them. We live by the death of others. We are burial places! I have since an early age abjured the use of meat, and the time will come when men will look upon the murder of animals as they look upon the murder of man. This, or some variation of it, is frequently used as proof that Da Vinci was a vegetarian. The problem is that Leonardo Da Vinci never said these words. An author named Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (Russian, 1865-1941) wrote them for a work of historical fiction titled The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci. In point of fact, Merezhkovsky didnt even write the words for Leonardo, he put them in the fictitious diary of the real apprentice Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio (ca. 1466-1516) as a quote from Da Vinci. The only thing this quote proves is that Merezhkovsky had heard of vegetarianism. It is not a valid argument for Da Vinci having been meat-free. The Quote From a Primary Source Next up, we have one written reference to Da Vincis diet. For a bit of background, the writer was Italian explorer Andrea Corsali (1487-?), the gent who identified New Guinea, hypothesized on the existence of Australia, and was the first European to sketch the Southern Cross. Corsali worked for the Florentine Giuliano di Lorenzo de Medici, one of three sons born to Lorenzo the Magnificent. The Medici dynasty hadnt become fabulously wealthy by ignoring new trade routes, so Giuliano financed Corsalis voyage on a Portuguese ship. In a long letter to his patron (almost wholly filled with more important information), Corsali made an off-hand reference to Leonardo while describing followers of Hinduism: Alcuni gentili chiamati Guzzarati non si cibano dicosa alcuna che tenga sangue, ne fra essi loro consentono che si noccia adalcuna cosa animata, come it nostro Leonardo da Vinci. In English: Certain infidels called Guzzarati are so gentle that they do not feed on anything which has blood, nor will they allow anyone to hurt any living thing, like our Leonardo da Vinci. Did Corsali mean that Leonardo didnt eat meat, didnt allow harm to living creatures, or both? We dont know conclusively, because the artist, the explorer, and the banker werent companions. Giuliano deMedici (1479-1516) was Leonardos patron for three years, from 1513 to the formers early death. It is unclear how well he and Leonardo knew each other. Not only did Giuliano view the artist as an employee (unlike Leonardos former patron, Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan), the two men were of different generations. As for Corsali, he appears to have known Leonardo through mutual Florentine connections. Though they were contemporaries, between the artists time outside of Florence and the explorers time outside of Italy, they did not have the opportunity to become close friends. Corsali may have been referencing Leonardos habits through hearsay. Not that we will ever know. No one can say when or where Corsali died and Giuliano made no comment on the letter, seeing that he himself was dead by the time it was delivered. What Have Leonardos Biographers Said? Close to 70 separate authors have written biographies about Leonardo da Vinci. Of these, only two have mentioned his alleged vegetarianism. Serge Bramly (b. 1949) wrote Leonardo loved animals so much, it seems, that he turned vegetarian in Leonardo: Discovering the Life of Leonardo da Vinci, and Alessandro Vezzosi (b. 1950) referred to the artist as a vegetarian in Leonardo da Vinci. Three other biographers cite the Corsali letter: Eugà ¨ne Mà ¼ntz (1845-1902) in Leonardo da Vinci: Artist, Thinker, and Man of Science, Edward McCurdy in The Mind of Leonardo da Vinci, and Jean Paul Richter in The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci. If we use a deliberately low estimate of 60 biographies, then 8.33 percent of the authors spoke of Leonardo and vegetarianism. Take away the three writers who cited the Corsali letter, and we have a total of  3.34 percent (two biographers) who speak for themselves in saying that Leonardo was a vegetarian. What Did Leonardo Say? Lets start with what Leonardo didnt say. At no point did he write, and no source has ever quoted him saying, I do not eat meat. Unfortunately, Leonardo da Vinci — a man overflowing with talk of ideas and observations — hardly said anything personal about himself. On the matter of his diet, we can only glean a few inferences from his notebooks. There are a number of sentences and paragraphs in the Codex Atlanticus in which Leonardo seems to decry the evils of eating meat, drinking milk, or even harvesting honey from a comb. Here are a few examples: Leonardo da Vinci on bees And many others will be deprived of their store and their food, and will be cruelly submerged and drowned by folks devoid of reason. Oh Justice of God! Why dost thou not wake and behold thy creatures thus ill-used? Da Vinci on sheep, cows, goats, etc. Endless multitudes of these will have their little children taken from them ripped open and flayed and most barbarously quartered. That sounds terrible, doesnt it? Now consider the following: Many offspring shall be snatched by cruel thrashing from the very arms of their mothers, and flung on the ground, and crushed. Seemingly, we just jumped from terrible to horrific — until we are informed that the last quote was about nuts and olives. You see, Leonardos Prophecies werent prophecies in the sense of Nostradamus or the Prophet Isaiah. They were the equivalent of an intellectual parlor game, in which two men matched wits. The object of the game was to describe the most ordinary, everyday events in such a way that they sounded like an impending Apocalypse. Does that mean Leonardo was for or against eating meat? It depends on ones opinion. These passages seem inconclusive, but you may feel differently. Da Vinci invalidated the life is sacred argument by designing machines of war and siege weapons. One may extrapolate that these were projections of life is sacred, since they were meant to preserve the lives of those who used them. Some  have claimed that Da Vinci deliberately left out crucial steps in his designs so that men with evil intent could not successfully build them. However, one certainty emerges. If Group A uses technology designed to destroy enemy fortifications, disrupt water supplies, sabotage vessels, and rain all manner of hellfire from the sky on Group B, people are going to be killed whether life is sacred or not. Da Vinci was genuinely kind to all living creatures, but he gave human life top billing if its possessor wasnt coarse. How he reconciled his personal beliefs with instruments of destruction makes things even more puzzling (if possible), and we are left with that which Winston Churchill described as a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma. Da Vinci had a habit of occasionally jotting down expenses. In his writings, there are lists of wine, cheese, meat, and so on, totaling x-amount on  such-and-such date. The fact that meat is on the list proves nothing. He had a household to feed; the meat could have been for his apprentices, handyman, cook, random alley cats, or all of the above. On Leonardo Being a Vegan This is in no way an indictment of veganism. However, it is impossible to claim that Leonardo da Vinci was a vegan. Setting aside the fact that the term wasnt even coined until 1944, Da Vinci ate cheese, eggs, and honey, and he drank wine. More than that, all of the grains, fruits, and vegetables he ingested were grown using animal inputs (meaning  manure) for soil fertility. Synthetic fertilizers would not be invented until far into the future, and would not be widely used until the second half of the 20th century. Additionally, we have to consider what he wore and what he used to create art. Leonardo did not have access to polyurethane footwear, for one thing. His brushes were animal products, made from sable or hog hairs attached to quills. He drew on vellum, which is the specially-tanned skin of calves, kids, and lambs. Sepia, a deep reddish-brown pigment, comes from the ink sac of the cuttlefish. Even the simple paint tempera is made with eggs. For all of these reasons, calling Leonardo a vegan or a proto-vegan is untrue. In conclusion Da Vinci may have eaten an ovo-lacto vegetarian diet, although this has been pieced together from circumstantial evidence by a minority of experts. We lack conclusive proof and are unlikely to discover any after 500 years. If you wish to say he was a vegetarian, you are plausibly (although not definitively) correct, depending on your point of view. On the other hand, the speculation that Da Vinci was a vegan is indisputably false. It is a deliberate deception for one to claim otherwise. Sources Bramly, Serge. Leonardo: Discovering the Life of Leonardo da Vinci. Sian Reynolds (Translator), Hardcover, First Edition edition, Harpercollins, November 1, 1991. Clark, Kenneth. Leonardo da Vinci. Martin Kemp, Revised Edition, Paperback, Penguin, August 1, 1989. Corsali, Andrea. Copy of Lettera di Andrea Corsali allo illustrissimo Principe Duca Juliano de Medici, venuta Dellindia del mese di Octobre nel XDXVI. National Library of Australia, 1517. Da Vinci, Leonardo. The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci. 2 Volumes, Jean Paul Richter, Hardcover, 3rd Edition, Phaidon, 1970. Martin, Gary. The meaning and origin of the expression: A riddle wrapped up in an enigma. The Phrase Finder, 2019. McCurdy, Edward. The Mind of Leonardo Da Vinci. Dover Fine Art, History of Art, Paperback, Dover Ed edition, Dover Publications, 2005. Merezhkovsky, Dimitri. The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci. Paperback, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, February 9, 2015. Mà ¼ntz, Eugà ¨ne. Leonardo da Vinci, artist, thinker, and man of science. Volume 2, Paperback, University of Michigan Library, January 1, 1898. Vezzosi, Alessandro. Leonardo da Vinci: The Complete Paintings in Detail. Hardcover, Prestel, April 30, 2019.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

World War Ii And The United States Economy. When People

World War II and the United States Economy When people think about World War II, they normally associate it with Hitler, genocide, the Great Depression, the Cold War, and other negative things; however, there were some positive impacts it had on the United States. Economically, the United States and other countries around the world were devastated by the crashing of the stock market. Unemployment rate was at a high point, Hitler was gaining control of Europe, and we were trying to remain isolationists. Once we intervened in the war, we were pulled out of the depression by the increase of jobs, the women’s rights movement began and established legal equality, the baby boom and suburban boom began, and the United States went from†¦show more content†¦A graph created by the Bureau of Labor Statistics illustrates the percentage of unemployment during the years of the Great Depression and World War II: Around the beginning of the war, unemployment was close to 20% and by t he end of the war there was as little as 2% of people unemployed. This shows how World War II impacted the U.S. economy positively and rescued us from history’s worst economic catastrophe. World War II also allowed women to work in jobs men had previously worked, causing the women’s rights movement to begin: This would lead to the equality for women. A statistic showing just how many women began working during this time states, â€Å"Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home† (History.com Staff, 1). With the increased amount of women working and men being away at work, women developed independence and working skills they didn’t have before. Not only did women work in factories and other home jobs, there were thousands who worked as female officers, served as WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), and helped as members of the WAC (Women’s Army Corps). Women who had their pilot license contributed by flying military aircrafts: This is something that was introduced by the WASPs or the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots. ThisShow MoreRelatedEssay on Consequences of the World War II1306 Words   |  6 PagesIn the World War I individual rights and civil liberty have died. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Komatsu Case Study Analysis - 3515 Words

Komatsu Case Study Contents Executive Summary 2 Evolution and Strategic Drivers of Komatsu (EME) 3 Organizational Culture 4 Five-Force Analysis: The EME Industry: 5 SWOT Analysis 8 Resource Based Competitive Advantage 8 Financials Future Course 9 Company on The Right Path 11 References 12 Executive Summary Komatsu, the Japan based earth moving equipment taking on Caterpillar manufacturer has been studied by management students around the globe for years now. This story of David vs Goliath provides us an insight about the strategies followed by David in bringing down Goliath. Komatsu’s evolution and its strategies were studied in comparison with that of Caterpillar. Responses to each other’s moves in the global†¦show more content†¦They also launched quality upgrading programs in its factories. The program was used to reflect the Total Quality Control (TQC) concept. All personnel were expected to strive for TQC. In 1964, the company started Project A which aimed to upgrade the quality of the small and medium-sized bulldozers. In 1972, the company launched project B which focused on exports. In 1979 the company launched Project called â€Å"F and F† which stood for â€Å"Future and Frontiers† and its objective was to develop new products and new businesses. The project encouraged suggestions from all its employees by asking them to consider both the need of society and the technical know-how of the company. The company also began to focus more towards its Research and Development during the early 1970s. Efforts continued with some attention to basic research as well as product development. It had the distinction of introducing the world’s first radio-controlled bulldoze, amphibious bulldozer and remote-controlled underwater bulldozer. The management decided to focus on improving the competitiveness of its products. A four- part cost reduction plan was initiated. During the same time the company also accelerated its product development program. In 1981, they launched EPOCHS (Efficient Production Oriented Choice Specifications) whose main purpose was to allow the company to respond to the diverse market needs without compromising its cost position. Also, by the endShow MoreRelatedKomatsu Case Study Analysis3499 Words   |  14 PagesKomatsu Case Study Contents Executive Summary 2 Evolution and Strategic Drivers of Komatsu (EME) 3 Organizational Culture 4 Five-Force Analysis: The EME Industry: 5 SWOT Analysis 8 Resource Based Competitive Advantage 8 Financials Future Course 9 Company on The Right Path 11 References 12 Executive Summary Komatsu, the Japan based earth moving equipment taking on Caterpillar manufacturer has been studied by management students around the globe for years now. This story of David vs GoliathRead MoreCase Study on Komatsu Limited1578 Words   |  7 PagesI. 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Evaluation of Soil Management Strategies Free Essays

Evaluation of the soil management strategies in the India The more time goes past, the more man starts realising how the management and the way we threat soils is important to insure its preservation and conservation. Nowadays, around 9. 4 million hectares of soil, which represent the 0. We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluation of Soil Management Strategies or any similar topic only for you Order Now 5% of the land present on our planet, is irreparably damaged and has no longer any biological function. In other words, it can no longer be used in any useful way to provide food or other elements to the earth’s tenants. There are though, two factors that influence soil degradation; the human factor and the natural one. The most impactful one is the human one, as we tend to create disequilibrium in the rate at which soil forms and at which it is eroded or degraded. This is due to the fact that farmers work the soil too frequently or misunderstand and mismanage their lands. On the other hand, erosion and degradation, which embody the natural factors, are part of nature’s cycle and over time, they do not create imbalances. In poorer countries, farmers use subsistence farming and they are in a way constricted to do so, as they not only lack of economical resources to buy machinery and conditioners, but also because the quality of the soil often doesn’t give them the opportunity to be able to work the land more intensively. In the regions of West Bengal located in the northwest of India to take an example, the density of the population is so high that farmers only can use their little land holding to produce enough in order to feed themselves and their families. This way of managing the soil is called subsistence farming and is also used in the entire southeast of India, where the soil is so degraded that the population has no other choice but to use this agricultural strategy named sedentary farming. It involves farming always at the same place, living there and getting crops relying uniquely on labour and not on any capital investments. In India we can find a very large division, varying from economical to socio-political, and even agricultural. Up in the Northwest of India, within the hills of Jaipur in Rajasthan, intensive commercial farmers are predominant as the country represents the fourth biggest agricultural power of the world. The practices and components involved in intensive farming are harmful to the soil because farmers take advantage of the resources that are available and often abuse their terrain in such way that it harms it, leading to an increase of the rate at which the land is deteriorated. But not all methods are harmful to Nature; the method used in the forests of north India by the poorer citizens has a much better environmental impact than the industrial one used by richer farmers. As equally common, this method is called shifting farming which consists in burning a piece of land so that the ashes fertilise the soil. Then the famer grows its crops for around 2 to 5 years, until the soil’s fertility starts to decrease so he moves to another place repeating the same process. After a break more or less long 10 years, the farmer can go back to the first place as the terrain supposedly had time to regain its fertility and he can so for cultivate his crops again. In fact, the material and gears used, plus the methods are much different one from another. Within the subsistence one, natural fertilizers will be more likely to be used while on the intensive one, chemicals and heavy machinery often take the lead. These different strategies used to manage the soil comprise advantages and disadvantages, to both the farmers and the land. The sustainable farming strategy is on the short term less beneficial to the farmer as it will limit his production. But this technique won’t make any harm to the soil because the method used is less intensive, and natural fertilisers such as animal rejections and organic wastes replace chemicals and fertilizers used in the intensive method. But as stated above, India is the fourth largest agricultural force on this planet and that’s when the management of the soil starts becoming problematic in accordance to its sustainability and the preservation of its quality. The choice of a farmer to opt for a specific technique rather than another relies on the income on a short period of time. Even though in India this choice mainly depends on the financial resources available, the farmers using subsistence farming will be able to use their land for a much longer period of time than those who use intensive farming. It’s also in the farmer’s benefit to use its field in a sustainable way; for environmental ssues as well as for its personal profit as on the longer term, a farmer who farms on its land in a sustainable way will be able to get an equal amount of crops over a larger period of time. To conclude, if we keep abusing the soil as they still do in certain parts of the world, by 2050 we will severely lack of available healthy soil to satisfy our needs as a result of the population’s growth rate. And even though the governments and citizens didn’t realise that before severe issues and frightening statistical data came out from the topic. We know how to prevent soil erosion from natural factors by simply planting grass or other clumping vegetation; building shelter belts and hedgerows are other examples. We can also improve the methods of cultivation, using the techniques of terracing and contour ploughing. But to prevent the abusing human activity like deforestation, I believe that the only answer is the willing and devotion of individuals of using proper pesticides and fertilizers. References: http://www. rajasthantour4u. com/business/agriculture. html 02. 02. 3/8:15 http://www. isric. org/ ISRIC website (World Soil Statistical data and Information collectors) 31. 01. 13/17:25 http://agriinfo. in/default. aspx? page=topicsuperid=1topicid=643 29. 01. 13/17:06 http://www. indiastudychannel. com/resources/154743-Types-farming-India. aspx 29. 01. 13/17:03 http://vro. dpi. vic. gov. au/dpi/vro/vrosite. nsf/pages/soil_mgmt 31. 01. 13/16:18 http://www. ehow. com/about_6367388_human-impact-soils. html 28. 01. 13/16:30 http: //www. mapsofindia. com/indiaagriculture/ 01. 2. 13/16:29 How to cite Evaluation of Soil Management Strategies, Essay examples

Liable Breach Of Strict Liability Provision - Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Liable Breach Of Strict Liability Provision? Answer: Introducation Issue: The issue in this case is related with the impact of exclusion clause mentioned on the sign placed at the gate of EnviroPro Pty Ltd, which excludes the liability of the company for any damages. Rule: Apart from the general rules of business law, in the present case, sale of goods Act (Vic) also applies. It makes the remission that the provisions of this legislation apply only in case of the contracts related with the sale of goods. This Act provides that a difference exists between consumer and on consumer transactions (Carpet Call Pty Ltd v Chan, 1987). The Act also provides that the terms that can be implied under Trade Practices Act also apply in case of consumer contracts concluded in Victoria. The law defines a consumer contact as a contract related with the sale of goods for less than $20,000 or when it deals with the goods that are generally acquired over domestic purposes and when these goods are not going to be used for sale or inputs in the process of manufacture (Crawford v Mayne Nickless Ltd., 1992). Therefore, as mentioned above, there are certain conditions that can be implied in case of these contracts. One of the implied conditions. In such cases is the condition according to which the goods should match the description, when the goods have been sold by description. Terms can be implied in case of a contract dealing with the sale of goods expressly or impliedly when the purpose behind the purchase of goods, has been revealed by the purchaser to the seller (Jillawarra Grazing Co v John Shearer Ltd., 1984). Similarly, the implied conditions are also applicable when the circumstances are of the nature that it can be assumed that the seller should have been aware of the fact that the buyer is relying on skill of the seller to make the purchase. According to section 20 of this legislation, and implied condition is present, which requires that the goods should be fit for purpose under the above-mentioned circumstances. Application: in the present case, a large sign has been placed at the entrance of Enviro Pty Ltd. This sign mentions an exclusion clause according to which the company will not be liable for any damages suffered by the consumers except to replace the goods, that too in cases where the goods were shown as being faulty at the time of sale. In the present case, when Charlie went to purchase equably, he had toured the salesperson of Enviro Pty Ltd that he was going to use the product for reclaiming marketing water. The salesperson also gave an assurance that you are that the water will be fit for this purpose. On the other hand, in reality, the water produced by this product was not fit for drinking purposes. Therefore, when Charlie consumed this water for some time, he became ill. As a result, he was forced to miss work, and he also started to suffer from irritable bowl syndrome. As a result is quality of life was also affected adversely. Under these circumstances, it is clear in this c ase that Enviro Pty Ltd. had breached the terms of the contract, particularly the requirement according to which the goods should be fit for purpose. Rule: The Australian Consumer Law is a part of Competition and Consumer Act, 2010. This legislation has imposed an obligation on the manufactures according to which they should take the consumers fairly. In case of a breach of the statutory guarantees provided by the ACL, the law provides that such manufacturer owes a liability for the strict liability offense (Haros v Linfox Australia Pty Ltd., 2012). The strict liability that has been imposed on the manufacturers by the ACL provides that a particular manufacturer can be held liable for breach even if there is no negligence of the manufacturer (Keays v J P Morgan Administrative Services Australia Ltd., 2011). The statutory guarantees mentioned in the ACL, and the body of strict liability offense so that it can be ensured that the manufacturers should fulfill the expectations of consumers. The strict liability provisions mentioned in the ACL are applicable in case of the manufactures were supplying goods in trade or commerce. The ACL provides that in such cases, a company can be considered as the manufacture of goods if it has imported goods or resemble the goods or the brand name of the company has been used to be promoted as the manufacturer. In the same way, the law provides that it can be said that the goods contain a safety defect if it is found that the level of safety is not the same that can be generally expected from such goods. Although the level of safety may vary in each case, however, the ultimate decision has to be made by the court to see if a safety defect is present or not. Application: by applying the legal rules mentioned above, it has been provided by the strict liability provisions of the ACL that these provisions maybe breached even if the manufacturer was not negligent. Interview of disposition of law, in the present case also, Clean Aqua Pty Ltd. can be held liable for breach of strict liability provisions. In this case, Charlie wanted a product that can be used for producing drinking water. But the reality was that Clean Aqua produced the water that could be used for gardening or swimming pools etc. The water was not fit for human consumption. On these grounds, it can be held that Clean Aqua is liable for the breach of a statutory guarantee mentioned in the ACL. Conclusion: Charlie can bring a case against Clean Aqua Pty Ltd for the violation of strict liability provisions that are imposed by the Australian Consumer Law on the manufacturers. References Carpet Call Pty Ltd v Chan (1987) ASC 55-553 Crawford v Mayne Nickless Ltd (1992) ASC Business-law. Jillawarra Grazing Co v John Shearer Ltd (1984) ASC 55-307 Haros v Linfox Australia Pty Ltd (2012) 287 ALR 507 Keays v J P Morgan Administrative Services Australia Limited [2011] FCA 358